The House of Commons’ Justice Committee has published a critical report on the European Commission’s proposals for a new Data Protection Regulation and Directive. While recognising the potential benefits to be had from reducing the current differences between Data Protection laws in different Member States the Committee considers the current text to be much too prescriptive and to place too great a burden on both organisations and regulators.
On the Regulation (applicable to most processing of personal data):
11. The Regulation is necessary, first to update the 1995 Directive and take into account past and future technological change; and secondly to confer on individuals’ rights that are necessary to protect their data and privacy as stipulated in the Lisbon Treaty and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. (Paragraph 102)
12. However, the Regulation as drafted is over-prescriptive as to how businesses and public authorities should comply to ensure these rights are upheld. We have been told that the Information Commissioner’s Office will require substantial extra resources, and businesses have argued that many administrative burdens will be imposed on them. (Paragraph 103)
13. We believe that the European Commission has a choice: It can continue to pursue the objective of harmonisation through a Regulation by focusing on the elements that are essential to achieve consistency and cooperation across Member States, whilst entrusting the details on compliance to the discretion of data protection authorities and the European Data Protection Board; alternatively, it can use a Directive to set out what it wants to achieve in all the areas contained in the draft Regulation, but then leave implementation in the hands of Member States, and forgoing an element of harmonisation and consistency. (Paragraph 104)
On the Directive (applicable to processing for policing and justice):
20. From the point of view of the data subject, the draft Directive provides a weaker level of data protection in comparison to the draft Regulation. We recognise the significant differences in the handling of sensitive personal data by law enforcement authorities, but in a number of respects this lower level of protection does not appear justifiable. During negotiations, the Government should seek to amend the draft Directive so that data protection principles are as consistent as possible across both EU instruments. This will additionally ensure that the rights set out in the Lisbon Treaty are upheld. (Paragraph 149)
21. The Government’s position is that the Directive will have limited application to the UK, due to Article 6a of Protocol 21 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. If this is the case, we believe it will be beneficial to the UK as law enforcement authorities will not be bound by over-prescriptive measures contained within the Directive. This would also mean that EU law will not apply to the domestic processing of data, such as between police forces. Domestic processing for criminal justice matters will continue to be covered by the Data Protection Act 1998. (Paragraph 150)
Given these concerns and the Commission’s apparent wish to have the legislation agreed before the next European Parliament elections in 2014, it has been suggested that an urgent change of approach will be needed.