Categories
Articles

What Happens in VR…?

A colleague spotted an article suggesting, among other things, that Virtual Reality could provide a safe space for students to practice their soft skills. This can, of course, be done by classroom roleplay but the possibility of making mistakes that fellow students will remember could well increase stress. This certainly chimes with feedback I received […]

Categories
Publications

A Pathway Towards AI Ethics

We can probably agree that “Ethical Artificial Intelligence” is a desirable goal. But getting there can involve daunting leaps over unfamiliar terrain. What do principles like “beneficence” and “non-maleficence” mean in practice? Indeed, what is, and is not, AI? Working with the British and Irish Law, Education and Technology Association (BILETA), Jisc’s National Centre for […]

Categories
Articles

Is “AI bias” an excuse?

Something made me uneasy when a colleague recently referred to “AI bias”. I think that’s because it doesn’t mention the actual source of such bias: humans! AI may expand and expose that bias, but it can’t do that unless we give it the seed. That’s rarely deliberate: we might treat it as a result of […]

Categories
Articles

AI, Consent and the Social Contract

“Consent” is a word with many meanings. In data protection it’s something like “a signal that an individual agrees to data being used”. But in political theory “consent to be governed” is something very different. A panel at the PrivSec Global conference suggested that the latter – also referred to as the “social contract” – […]

Categories
Articles

Ethics + Consultation + Regulation: a basis for trust

A fascinating discussion at today’s QMUL/SCL/WorldBank event on AI Ethics and Regulations on how we should develop such ethics and regulations. There was general agreement that an ethical approach is essential if any new technology is to be trusted; also, probably, that researchers and developers should lead this through professionalising their practice. First steps are […]

Categories
Articles

Assessment – many ways to do it

  Jisc’s 2020 Future of Assessment report identifies five desirable features that assessors should design their assessments to deliver: authentic, accessible, appropriately automated, continuous and secure. Those can sometimes seem to conflict, for example if you decide that “secure” assessment requires the student to be online through their exam, then you have an “accessibility” problem for […]

Categories
Articles

Layers of Trust in AI

This morning’s Westminster Forum event on the Future of Artificial Intelligence provided an interesting angle on “Trust in AI”. All speakers agreed that such trust is essential if AI is to achieve acceptance, and that (self-)regulatory frameworks can help to support it. However AI doesn’t stand alone: it depends on technical and organisational foundations. And […]

Categories
Articles

That “AI” metaphor…

I’d been musing on a post on how “Artificial Intelligence” can be an unhelpful metaphor. But the European Parliament’s ThinkTank has written a far better one, so read theirs…

Categories
Articles

Bias Bounties

So many “AI ethics frameworks” are crossing my browser nowadays that I’m only really keeping an eye out for things that I’ve not seen before. The Government’s new “Ethics, Transparency and Accountability Framework for Automated Decision-Making” has one of those: actively seeking out ways that an AI decision-making system can go wrong. The terminology makes […]

Categories
Articles

Draft AI Regulation: thinking about risks

The European Commission has just published its draft Regulation on Artificial Intelligence (AI). While there’s no obligation for UK law to follow suit, the Regulation provides a helpful guide to risk from different applications of AI, and the sort of controls that might be required. What “AI” is covered? According to Article 3(1) [with sub-clauses […]